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Research

Treatment of Muscle Injuries, Contusion, Strain, Laceration

There are three major types of muscles injuries: contusion, strain, or laceration. Contusion is caused by a direct and compressive force such as a direct blow. Muscle strain is more often the result of tensile force (tension) beyond what the muscle can stretch. And of course, a laceration or cut is the result of sharp trauma through the skin and fascia down to the muscle.The successful treatment of muscle injuries depends on understanding what phase of healing is taking place. In the early days ...

Does neurotomy for chronic neck pain from a whiplash injury really work?

What can you tell me about a procedure called neurotomy for chronic neck pain from a whiplash injury? Does it really work? How long does the pain relief last? I've heard it works for some people but not for others. Successful treatment for chronic neck pain associated with a history of whiplash has eluded physicians and patients for a long time. Part of the difficulty is the fact that the actual source of chronic neck pain after whiplash injuries has been a mystery.It has been difficult to sort ...

Effect of Pain Pump on Joint Cartilage

Injections into joints of anesthetics (numbing agents) and pain relieving medications have been used for a long time. They were considered "safe" based on clinical research in the mid-1980s. The use of single injection anesthetics such as lidocaine and bupivacaine gradually expanded to include modern day use of pain pumps.A pain pump delivers a continuous, steady low-dose of anesthetic to the joint. With maximum pain control (for example after joint replacement surgery), patients are able to red...

Study of Tanezumab for Chronic Low Back Pain

Chronic low back pain remains a problem without a good solution. No single type of treatment works for everyone. Most patients end up combining multiple different treatments until they find the right mix that is effective for them. This may include medications, counseling or behavioral therapy, physical therapy, and surgery.Medications often include pain relievers (analgesics) such as tylenol and antiinflammatories such as ibuprofen, naproxen, or other prescription nonsteroidal antiinflammatorie...

Measuring the Pain Experience in Children After Surgery

Pain is a subjective symptom, meaning you can't see it or take a picture of it. Describing pain becomes something we trust that the person who is telling us about their pain is accurate. Measuring pain in adults is difficult enough. Imagine getting a similar report from children who may not even have the words to describe what they are feeling.But that's what this report is all about -- a new tool to use when evaluating pain in children and teens. It's called the Child Pain Anxiety Symptoms Scal...

One Treatment Model for All Chronic Pain Patients

If you suffer from chronic pain or if you provide help to those who do, the information in this article will be of interest to you. It comes from the Department of Rehabilitation Medicine at the University of Washington School of Medicine in Seattle.The basic idea is that chronic pain is managed in many different ways by different health care professionals. Psychosocial treatment recognizes there are psychological, emotional, spiritual, and social factors that affect pain perception. Techniques ...

The Effects of Caffeine on Pain

Did you know that caffeine in its various forms is considered a psychoactive agent? Psychoactive means it has a stimulating effect on the central nervous system. Given its effects on the nervous system, some even consider this substance a drug.Did you know that surveys show that almost all adults (up to 95 per cent) ingest some form of caffeine everyday? Many people have a total caffeine intake up to 400 mg/day (that's considered a high level). That may not be surprising when you consider caffei...

Predicting Chronic Pain After Peripheral Nerve Injuries

Pain is a funny thing. Two people can have the same injury and still experience pain completely differently. After some nerve injuries, there are individuals who just never fully recover. They have pain (referred to as chronic pain) the rest of their lives. Why is that? Why do some people recover just fine while others don't?These are questions researchers at the University of Toronto tried to answer in this study. They compared three groups of people: two groups had nerve injuries. One group wa...